In-depth Utilization of Chinese Ancient Maps: A Hybrid Approach to Digitizing Map Resources in CADAL (Full Paper)
Zhenchao YE, Ling ZHUANG, Jiangqin WU, Chengyang DU, Baogang WEI and Yin ZHANG
Abstract. Electric map is getting increasingly popular as an intuitive and interactive platform for data presentation recently. Thus applications integrated with electric map have attracted much attention. But no offtheshelf systems or services we could use if the time span of maps be extended to historical ones. There are a large number of valuable ancient atlases in CADAL digital library, however, they are seldom utilized because the ones in image format are not easy for users to read or search specific information. In this paper, we propose a novel hybrid approach to utilizing these atlases directly and constructing some applications based on ancient maps. We call it CAMAME which means Chinese ancient maps automatic marking and extraction. We create a gazetteer, use a kernel method to do the regression and correct the estimated results with image processing and local regression methods. The empirical results shows that CAMAME is effective and efficient, most valuable data in the map images is marked and identified, based on which we developed some Chinese literary chronicle applications that display ancient literary and related historical information over those digitized atlas resources in CADAL digital library.

The Fused Library: Integrating Digital and Physical Libraries with Location-Aware Sensors (Full Paper)
George Buchanan
Abstract. This paper reports an investigation into the connection of the workspace of physical libraries with digital library services. Using simple sensor technology, we provide focused access to digital resources on the basis of the user’s physical context, including the topic of the stacks they are next to, and the content of books on their reading desks. Our research developed the technological infrastructure to support this fused interaction, investigated current patron behavior in physical libraries, and evaluated our system in a user-centred pilot study. The outcome of this research demonstrates the potential utility of the fused library, and provides a starting point for future exploitation.

What Humanists Want: How Scholars Use Primary Source Documents (Full Paper)
Neal Audenaert and Richard Furuta
Abstract. Despite the growing prominence of digital libraries as tools to support humanities scholars, little is known about the work practices and needs of these scholars as they pertain to working with primary source document. In this paper we present our findings from a formative user study consisting of semi-structured interviews with eight scholars.
We find that the use of primary source materials in scholarship is not a simple, straight-forward examination of a document in isolation. Instead, scholars study primary source materials as an integral part of a complex ecosystem of inquiry that seeks to understand both the text being studied and the context in which that text was created, transmitted and used. Drawing examples from our interviews, we address critical questions of why scholars use primary source documents and what information they hope to gain by studying them. We also briefly summarize key note-taking practices as a means for assessing the potential to design user interfaces that support scholarly work-practices.